Change in healthcare affects everyone. Its aim is to give the citizens of Ukraine equal access to high-quality medical services. The system is to be changed so that the patient takes centre stage. Due to the full-scale war, the need for various types of medical services, which were previously not a priority, has increased. One important task is to organise medical care for the population in communities where medical facilities have been destroyed. And also in communities that have been deoccupied. The digitalisation of the medical sector is progressing.
Equipment is being purchased for rehabilitation centres and their capacity is being expanded.
There are plans to set up regional mental health centres and significantly strengthen the capacity of multidisciplinary teams for psychological care.
1. Creation of an efficient network of medical facilities
The government has launched a new phase of medical reform, which includes updating the approaches to defining hospital districts and introducing modern approaches to creating a network of medical facilities. Each region has become a hospital district, which in turn is divided into clusters. Within a hospital district, hospitals are divided into superclusters, clusters and general hospitals. The reform provides for the simplest illnesses to be treated as close as possible to the patient, in general hospitals. For more complex health problems, patients are referred to cluster and supercluster hospitals, which offer highly specialised services. This approach makes it possible to use limited financial resources as efficiently as possible to achieve the maximum result – high-quality, affordable and free medical care for Ukrainian patients.
2. Reform of the medical and social expert commission
The government has initiated a reform of the medical and social expert commissions and is also planning to introduce the term “person with limited functioning”, which is used in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health is a standardised "language" for describing health conditions that is used in many countries around the world. It defines not only the components of health, but also health-related components of well-being, such as education and work. It is proposed to set up an electronic system that contains information about people's needs and automatically offers services that meet the identified needs.
3. Insurance medicine
In 2023, the Ministry of Health adopted the "roadmap" for the introduction of health insurance. It is proposed to supplement the current system of medical financing with a system of supplementary health insurance as a potential source of funding for the healthcare system. Supplementary health insurance will help to increase the choice of medical providers, insurers and insurance packages. This will promote competition in the insurance market and improve the quality of services offered by insurers. And it will also help to attract private capital that can support the development and modernisation of healthcare facilities and infrastructure.
Source - Government webportal