The need for rapid recovery in 2023 was estimated by the World Bank as part of the RDNA2 at 14.1 billion dollars. The goal is to restore what is urgently needed for people's lives. The government has identified and is implementing projects in five priority areas: housing, energy, critical and social Infrastructure, humanitarian demining and economic recovery.
The Ukrainian government estimates that around 15 billion dollars will be needed for rapid reconstruction in 2024. This involves the completion of projects already started in 2023, as well as the launch of new programmes that will fully ensure the basic needs of citizens and the stability of our country during the war.
In 2022-2023, the government created the organisational infrastructure for the implementation of the rapid reconstruction: The position of a specialised Deputy Prime Minister was created, the State Agency for Reconstruction and the Fund for the Elimination of the Consequences of Armed Aggression were established. The Multi-Agency Donors Coordination Platform for Ukraine is working with the aim of attracting financial resources from partners.
The government is paying particular attention to the restoration of critical social and transport infrastructure and the restoration of housing damaged as a result of hostilities. The implementation of these projects contributes to the return of Ukrainians to the deoccupied communities and stimulates the development of the country's economy.
The government's goal is to restore key facilities as quickly as possible and ensure basic standards for the quality of life of Ukrainians. Ukraine will create a basis on which it will implement long-term projects for post-war reconstruction.
1. Restoration of housing
Since the beginning of the full-scale aggression, Ukrainians have submitted over 350,000 applications for destroyed or damaged housing via the Diia application. In 2023, the government began implementing a comprehensive housing reconstruction programme called eRecovery. This programme consists of three components. The first is the allocation of targeted funds for the repair of damaged property (up to 500 thousand hryvnia), which is already working. In 2024, the second and third components of eRecovery will be fully operational, namely the issuance of housing certificates, thanks to which the owners of destroyed housing will be able to buy a new one, and the introduction of compensation for citizens who have repaired damaged housing at their own expense.
2. Restoring the critical infrastructure
To ensure the basic needs of citizens, the government is implementing a project to restore the water and heating supply. This is part of the preparations for overcoming the autumn-winter period in this and subsequent periods. This restoration also lays the foundation for the reorganisation of the housing and communal services sector. Thanks to support and funding from the government, local self-government bodies can also increase the efficiency of their own municipal companies.
3. Rebuilding the social infrastructure
The russian aggressor has destroyed hundreds of schools, hospitals, kindergartens and educational institutions. In order to breathe life back into the communities, the government is rebuilding these social infrastructure facilities. At the same time, this reconstruction includes improving the quality of these facilities according to the "build back better" principle. In addition, the government will continue to implement relevant projects thanks to increased cooperation with partner countries, international organisations and the private sector.
4. Comprehensive reconstruction – pilot projects
The government has identified a number of settlements where reconstruction will be comprehensive and based on new principles. These are Borodianka in the Kyiv region, Trostianets in the Sumy region, Posad-Pokrovske in the Kherson region, Tsyrkuny in the Kharkiv region and Yahidne in the Chernihiv region. The main objective of this project is to work out the processes of comprehensive reconstruction in order to extend the experience to other settlements.
5. Confiscation of russian assets
russia must pay for the destruction it has inflicted on Ukraine. The World Bank estimates the need for reconstruction at 411 billion dollars. Ukraine is continuing to work on the development of an international compensation mechanism to confiscate russian assets frozen by Western countries. Work is underway to conclude an international multilateral agreement providing for the creation of a comprehensive international compensation mechanism. At the same time, the government is working with international partners on a mechanism for using frozen assets as an intermediate step in the confiscation process.
Source - Government webportal